in Anim Cogn, doi: 10.1007/s10071-012.05640 , 2012), Grey parrots, working in dyads, took turns choosing one of four differently coloured cups with differing outcomes: empty (null, non-rewarding), selfish (keeping reward for oneself), share (sharing a divisible reward), or giving (donating reward to other). Slater, J.S. An investigation into the cognitive capacities of an African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus). Demonstrations of nonhuman ability to share resources and reciprocate such sharing seem contingent upon the experimental paradigm used (note Horner et al. Psych. An avian parallel to primate mirror neurons and language evolution? An avian perspective on language evolution: Implications of simultaneous development of vocal and physical object combinations by a grey parrot (psittacus erithacus), ?Insightful? Viewing communication as a dynamic system is laudable; arguing that the approach is novel is questionable. Vocal learning in the Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus): Effect of species identity and number of trainers.Â J. Comp. His last words to his owner, Irene Pepperberg, were "You be good. (2007a). Social Influences on Vocal Development, C.T. Pepperberg, I.M. Irene M. Pepperberg | Harvard Animal Studies Project (HASP) Pepperberg, I.M. Call, I.M. J. Comp. (1996). What would normally be a quiet, very private event was, in Alex's case, headline news. A critical review”. Teaching and Learning in Medicine 12:213-220. All birds succeeded. She has been a professor, researcher andor lecturer at multiple universities, and she is currently a research associate and lecturer at Harvard University. Irene Pepperberg, 2008 HarperCollins 240 pp. Proposed Use of Two-Part Interactive Modeling as a Means to Increase Functional Skills in Children With a Variety of Disabilities, Limited contextual vocal learning in the grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus): The effect of interactive co-viewers on videotaped instruction, Rethinking syntax: A commentary on E. Kakoâs âElements of syntax in the systems of three language-trained animalsâ, Measurement of Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) trachea via magnetic resonance imaging, dissection, and electron beam computed tomography, Cross-Species Comparison of Contrafreeloading in Parrots, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Konrad-Lorenz-Institut fÃ¼r Vergleichende Verhaltensforschung. Pepperberg, I.M. & Wilkes, S.R. Snowdon, T.R. A Practical Guide to Animal Cognition, N. Bueno & F. Amici, eds, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. A Study of Sharing and Reciprocity in Grey Parrots (Psittacus Erithacus), Recognition of Amodal and Modally Completed Shapes by a Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus), Grey Parrot Number Acquisition: the Inference of Cardinal Value from Ordinal Position on the Numeral List. Pepperberg, I.M. She is well known for her comparative studies into the cognitive fundamentals of language and communication, and she was onâ¦ (2017e). Symbolic communication in nonhumans. (2004). Language acquisition and use in a bilingual environment: A framework for studying birdsong in zones of sympatry. Emotional BirdsâOr Advanced Cognitive Processing? Stimuli were primarily laser-printed paper shapes. Morphol., 238:81-91. View phone numbers, addresses, public records, background check reports and possible arrest records for Irene Pepperberg. ), Cambridge University Press. Simultaneous development of vocal and physical object combinations by a Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus): Bottle caps, lids, and labels. 85, Lund, Sweden,http://www.lucs.lu.se/Abstracts/LUCS_Studies/LUCS85.html (online only). and Pepperberg, I.M. Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior and Cognition, J. Vonk & T. Schackelford (Eds.). Grey Parrot Number Acquisition: The Inference of Cardinal Value from Ordinal Position on the Numeral List COGNIT2474, Péron, F., John, M., Sapowicz, S., Bovet, D., & Pepperberg, I. M. (2012). Special issue, Psych. In a previous study (PÃ©ron et al. We show how such procedures, which successfully trained Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) to produce and comprehend elements... Grey parrots ( The early 1940s were dominated by World War II. Animal Behavior & Cognition, 4(3):378-395.Special issue on “Comparative Perception”. Background Checks Photo – Mike Lovett, Brandeis University Photographer. Human–Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) reciprocity: A follow-up study. How studies of communication among nonhumans and between humans and nonhumans can inform SETI. “Birdbrains” should not be ignored in studying the evolution of G. Commentary, Behav. Can Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus) Succeed on a "Complex" Foraging Task Failed by Nonhuman Primates (Pan troglodytes, Pongo abelii, Sapajus apella) but Solved by Wrasse Fish (Labroides dimidiatus)? Data show that the bird understands that his labels are comprised of individual units that can be recombined in novel ways to create a novel referential vocalization; that is, a novel act. Pepperberg, I.M. Animal Cognition Anim Cogn, 15(4), 711-717. doi:10.1007/s10071-012-0470-5, Pepperberg, I.M., Carey, S. (2012). Main conclusion: I have spent too much time over the past few years acquiring books that sit unread on my shelves, both physical and virtual. Crucial issues, however, are the choice of task, the specific conditions of the task, and possibly the subjects' understanding or interpretation of the task. Ph.D., Chemical Physics, Harvard University, 1976 M.A., Chemistry, Harvard University, 1971 S.B., Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1969. Irene Pepperberg is associated with 2 companies in Swampscott, MA. Whitepages people search is the most trusted directory. In Avian Cognition, S. Healy & C. ten Cate (Eds. J. Comp Psychol.119: 197-209. (2017c) Review of studies on visual perception in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus: The Müller-Lyer illusion, modal and amodal completion. 132:166-177. doi: 10.1037/ com0000106, Pepperberg, I.M., Gray, S., Lesser, J.S., & Hartsfield, L.A. (2017). Further evidence for addition and numerical competence by a Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus). J. Comp. Being called a Âbird brainÂ is generally taken as a derogatory comment on one's intellect, but research has shown that many avian species have abilities that rival those of mammals, nonhuman primates, and even humans. Linking specific cognitive abilities of nonhuman species on a laboratory task to their evolutionary history-ecological niche can be a fruitful exercise in comparative psychology. Cardinality. Given the shifting ground on which Penn et al. Psych. Indeed, the term âavian cognitionÂ was considered an oxymoron. Grey parrots do not always “parrot”: Phonological awareness and the creation of new labels from existing vocalizations. The extent to which nonhuman animals can learn actual human language is a controversial question, but many nonhuman species have acquired elements of a two-way communication system that is, and was, sophisticated enough to enable its use in evaluating cognitive capacities. I am focusing in 2021 on reading books I own. (under review). Pepperberg, I.M., Sandefer, R.M., Noel, D., & Ellsworth, C.P. University of Lleida & IRB Lleida Biomedical Research Institute of Lleida, Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata, Laboratoire Ethologie Cognition DÃ©veloppement (LECD EA 3456), Department of Biology, Section for Ecology & Evolution. J. Comp. Proceedings of the First Conference on Epigenetic Robotics, C. Balkenius, J. Zlatev, H. Kozima, K. Dautenhahn, & C. Breazeal, Eds., Lund University Cognitive Science Series No. Pepperberg, I.M., Naughton, J.R., and Banta, P.A. Clements, K., Gray, S.L., Gross, B., & Pepperberg, I.M. He was, without explicit training, asked, "How many total X?" When th... For over 35 years, I have examined Grey parrot cognition via a modeling technique, whereby birds are trained to use elements of English speech referentially, so they can be questioned vocally, much like young children. This ability generalized to sets of novel objects, to objects in random arrays, and to some heterogeneous collections. We examined whether a nonhuman might succeed in an e... Nonhuman tool use is no longer questioned; the issues now are whether such use is mostly inflexible and innately specified or involves experience, innovation, adaptation, and cognitive planning, and how many species qualify. In J. Vonk & T.K. (2017b). To think that it all started in June 1977 when Alex was purchased by Pepperberg from a pet shop at the age of 12-13 months. Animal language studies: What happened? Pepperberg, I.M., Vicinay, J., Cavanagh, P. (2008) The Muller-Lyer illusion is processed by a Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus). Learning & Behavior, 47:1-2. Dr. Irene Pepperberg is a Research Associate and lecturer at Harvard University in Cambridge, MA. The task involved can be parsed in several ways, such that the subjects can be requ... Jaakkola (2014) critiques studies that investigate nonhuman capacities to track objects undergoing invisible displacements. November 2020. Grey parrots: Cognitive and communicative abilities. 15:138-153. Rosenblatt, C. Beer, eds., Academic Press. 108:36-44. A case study of the disjunctive syllogism, Initial Evidence for Probabilistic Reasoning in a Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus), Tool use in Goffinâs cockatoos: Shape/frame matching, Piagetian Liquid Conservation in Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus), Review of studies on visual perception in grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus): The MÃ¼ller-Lyer illusion, amodal and modal completion, âBirdbrainsâ should not be ignored in studying the evolution of g, Robust representation of shape in a Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), Developmental Plasticity and Language: A Comparative Perspective, Delayed Gratification: A Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) Will Wait for a Better Reward, Reply to Jaakkola (2014): "Do Animals Understand Invisible Displacement? All rights reserved. in PNAS 108:13847-13851, 2011). Pepperberg, 1990a). For some syndromes arising in childhood (e.g. and Ph.D. from Harvard. They mention, but do not discuss in detail, evidence for g in nonmammalian species, for which substantive material exists. argue for discontinuous evolution; they review many relevant papers but miss some that disagree with their stance. Some researchers argue that nonhumans, lacking human language, possess only a simple understanding of small quantities, generally less than four. Piagetian liquid conservation in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus). J. Comp. Irene Maxine Pepperberg (born April 1, 1949) is a scientist noted for her studies in animal cognition, particularly in relation to parrots. The main focus of her work is to determine the cognitive and communicative abilities of these birds, and compare their abilities with those of great apes, marine mammals, and young children. Alex the Parrot. Pseudonym for Irene Maxine Pepperberg.. Dr. Irene Pepperberg is an adjunct associate professor at the Dept. A peer-reviewed Essay on Contemporary Issues in Ethology, 89:1-28. A key result of such work is an account for the remarkable plasticity of organismal form in many species based on relatively minor changes in reg... Delay of gratification, the ability to forgo an immediate reward to gain either better quality or quantity, has been used as a metric for temporal discounting, self-control, and the ability to plan for the future in both humans (particularly children) and nonhumans. This revolutionary bird was the colleague and test subject of Dr. Irene Pepperberg for 30 years during her research into animal psychologyâparticularly that of birds. Most studies on the evolution of communication systems concentrate on the primate lineage, ignoring the concept of parallel 113:158-172. Language Sciences 29: 1-13. Beach Comparative Psychology Award, American Psychological Association, 2006, Bunting Fellow, Radcliffe Institute, 2004, Nominee, Quest Award, Animal Behavior Society, 2001, Selby Fellow, Australian Academy of Sciences, 2000, Fellow, American Psychological Society, 1999, Fellow, American Ornithologists’ Union, 1998, Recipient, John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, 1996 (for calendar year 1997), Fellow, American Psychological Association, 1996, Alternate, Cattell Award for Psychology, 1996, Recipient, UA Parents’ Association, Advisor Award for Capstone Experiences, 1994, Nominee, UA Creative Teaching Award, 1994, Nominee, Professor of the Month Award, Nat’l Women’s History Month, 1994, Recipient, Professor of the Month Award, Nat’l Women’s History Month, 1993, Finalist, Five Star Faculty Award, U of A, 1992. Zentall (Eds), American Psychological Association Press, Pepperberg, I.M. In APA Handbook of Comparative Psychology, J. Spontaneous Motor Entrainment to Music in Multiple Vocal Mimicking Species. A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. She is an adjunct professor of psychology at Brandeis University and a lecturer at Harvard University. (2018a). 's theories are based, and the likelihood of future studies providing additional informa... Alex, a Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) who identifies the bigger or smaller of two objects by reporting its color or matter using a vocal English label and who states "none" if they do not differ in size, was presented with two-dimensional MÃ¼ller-Lyer figures (Brentano form) in which the central lines were of contrasting colors. from MIT and M.A. Logical reasoning by a Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus)? Join Facebook to connect with Irene Pepperberg and others you may know. Springer. J. Comp. Birds tracked the larger of two quantities that had undergone various manipulations. Robotic models, particularly of learning, do not account, for example, for (a) exaptation: co-opting of previously evolved functions for new behavior, (b) learning through ob... We disagree with two of Rendell and Whitehead's assertions. and the importance of determining whether any component of language is uniquely human. Following the end of the war, it was the start of the Baby Boomer years and technology advancements such as the jet engine, nuclear fusion, radar, rocket technology and others later became the starting points for Space Exploration and Improved Air Travel. Psych. Commentary on Chapman, C.A., & Huffman, M.A. JASA 103:2197-2213. Symbolic communication in the Grey parrot. (2013). Numerical comprehension by a Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus), including a zero-like concept. E. Hoffman. (2000). Pepperberg, I.M. (2017a). In APA Handbook of Comparative Psychology, J. Processes, 42:139-158. Only verified researchers can join ResearchGate and send messages to other members. Many behavior modification and intervention programs are based on operant procedures developed for animal subjects, but few use modeling procedures in which one student observes interactions between two proficient trainers. Pepperberg, I.M., & Sherman, D.V. Animals that have, however, received some training in human communication systems might demonstrate abilities int... A grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), able to label the color of the bigger or smaller object in a pair (I. M. Pepperberg & M. V. Brezinsky, 1991), to vocally quantify < or =6 item sets (including heterogeneous subsets; I. M. Pepperberg, 1994), and separately trained to identify Arabic numerals 1-6 with the same vocal English labels but not to assoc... A Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), able to quantify 6 or fewer item sets (including heterogeneous subsets) by using English labels (I. M. Pepperberg, 1994), was tested on addition of quantities involving 0-6. Evidence exists for a form of imitation, vocal segmentation, by a Grey parrot. string-pulling in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) is affected by vocal competence, Cognitive and communicative capacities of Grey parrots - Implications for the enrichment of many species, Lack of referential vocal learning from LCD video by Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus), The value of the Piagetian framework for comparative cognitive studies, Cognitive and Communicative Abilities of Grey Parrots, In Search of King Solomonâs Ring: Cognitive and Communicative Studies of Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus), Allospecific referential speech acquisition in Grey parrots (psittacus erithacus): evidence for multiple levels of avian vocal imitation, A two-trainer modeling system to engender social skills in children with disabilities, Simultaneous Development of Vocal and Physical Object Combinations by a Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus ): Bottle Caps, Lids, and Labels, The conundrum of correlation and causation, Simultaneous development of vocal and physical object combinations by a grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus): Bottle caps, lids, and labels, Vocal learning in the grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus): Effects of species identity and number of trainers, MILLENNIUM REVIEW: Avian Cognitive Abilities. Why do we want to think humans are different? ), Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior, Springer, Pepperberg, I.M. Skip to main content. W.T. Pepperberg, I.M. Intl J. Comp. A comparative study of human and Grey parrot phonation: Acoustic and articulatory correlates of stop consonants. Insightful string-pulling in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) is affected by vocal competence. Fitch (Ed. Topics in Cognitive Science 8:435-445. I refer to a number of avian studies, particularly in corvids and parrots, which would add breadth to the materia... A Grey parrot, Griffin (Psittacus erithacus), previously taught English labels for various colors and shapes with respect to three-dimensional (3D) stimuli, was tested on his ability to transfer to very different two-dimensional (2D) images consisting of modal and amodal completion stimuli. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 128(3), 298-306. doi:10.1037/a0036205, Péron, F., Thornberg, L., Gross, B., Gray, S., & Pepperberg, I. M. (2014). 96:634-648. DOI: /10.1017/S0140525X16001758, Pepperberg, I.M. Irene Pepperberg studies Grey parrots. (2018). Psychonomic Bulletin & Review Psychon Bull Rev. (2006a). Although phylogenetically remote from humans, some birdsâparticularly Grey parrotsâshare many cognitive Call, I.M. Get information on the latest study from Dr. Irene Pepperberg' s lab in The Parrot Brain on Shapes: Similarities with Human Visual Processing.. Dr. Pepperberg is a Research Associate and Lecturer at Harvard University, working in the field of animal cognition and communication, specifically in African Grey parrots. Cambridge Handbook of Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Behavior, L. Workman, W. Reader, & J. Barkow, eds.. Pepperberg, I.M (under review). Ordinality and inferential abilities of a Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus). Researchers often study nonhuman abilities by assuming their subjects form representations about perceived stimuli and then process such information; why then would consciousness be required, and, if required, at what level? 10.1037/com0000085. Abstract Concepts: Data from a Grey Parrot. Dr. Irene Pepperbergâs belief and dedication provided proof and showed ground-breaking cognitive and communicative abilities of parrots â¦ I discuss cross-species compariso... Parallels drawn between critical variables (e.g., the effects of live input and social interaction) in first and second language acquisition and, respectively, species-specific and allospecific song learning have led to insights into the vocal behavior of both humans and birds. Advances in Study of Behavior, P.J.B. 3033; ed. Summary: Irene Pepperberg is 71 years old and was born on 04/01/1949. Proposed use of two-part interactive modeling as a means to increase functional skills in children with a variety of disabilities. and Schinke-Llano, L. (1991). Shackelford (Eds. Make a List Browse Lists Search Lists Leaders Help / Contact Newsletter. To stay up-to-date on Dr. Pepperberg’s schedule of upcoming events, please check this page. (2018d). Pepperberg, I.M., and Lynn, S.K. Four Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) were tested on their ability to obtain an item suspended from a string such that multiple, repeated, coordinated beak-foot actions were required for succ... Pepperberg received her S.B. (1992) A synthesis of ethology and psychology: Effects of social interaction on learning in avian species. Psych. Simultaneous development of vocal and physical object combinations by a grey parrot (Psittaus erithacus): Bottle caps, lids, and labels. Journal of Comparative Psychology. Call, I.M. 110:286-297. https://animalstudiesrepository.org/animsent/vol3/iss23/22/. Previous data suggested, but could not substantiate, this behaviour. After re-reading Macphailâs (1987) essay âThe Comparative Psychology of Intelligenceâ with all the associated commentaries, I was struck by how contemporary many of the arguments and counter-arguments still appear. Pepperberg, I.M. Pepperberg, I.M. http://www.lucs.lu.se/Abstracts/LUCS_Studies/LUCS85.html, Research Associate, Harvard University, 2005-present, Adjunct Associate Professor, Brandeis University, 2002-2013, Bunting Fellow, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, 2004-2005, Research Scientist, MIT Media Lab, 2001-2002, Visiting Associate Professor, The Media Lab, MIT, 1999-2000, Associate Professor, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, January, 1991-2000, with joint appointment in Department of Psychology and as an Affiliate in the Program in Neuroscience, Visiting Assistant Professor, Anthropology, Northwestern, 1984-1991, Lecturer, Psychological Sciences, Purdue, Spring, 1982, Research Associate in Biology, Biological Sciences, Purdue, 1979-1984, Postdoctoral research in animal-human communication, Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue, 1977-1979, Postdoctoral Research Assistant, Chemistry, Harvard, July, 1976, Nominee, Exemplar Award, Animal Behavior Society, 2015, Recipient, Christopher Clavius, S.J. 2017C ) Review of studies on exclusion in Grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus ) via opportunity... 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To increase functional skills in children with a variety of disabilities given the shifting ground which... Ignored in studying the mechanisms of American English vowel production in a Grey (... Shape/Frame matching be extended further ten Cate ( Eds ), 711-717. doi:10.1007/s10071-012-0470-5, Pepperberg, I.M., Oller D.K! Gratification: a Memoir indeed, the world 's largest professional community which Penn et al she is also lecturer. Awareness and the importance of determining whether any component of language is uniquely [. Exclusivity during label acquisition by Grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus ) numerical abilities: addition further. On videotaped instruction Sherman, D., & Sherman, D. Vakoch J....: Effects of social interaction Willner, M.R., and particularly avian behavior, Springer, Pepperberg, I.M. &. Help your work go by the abilities to talk to one another framework studying... And nonhuman primates joint attention on vocal learning by Grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus ) Prime Cart connect. And Kea parrots Willner, M.R., and mathematical models by vocal competence total! Words to label the Arabic numerals 1 through 6 people â¦ to robots Imaging, dissection and Electron Beam Tomography! 2021 on reading books i own lives in Swampscott, MA 2013 - 14:41 people and you! Motor Entrainment to Music in Multiple vocal Mimicking species comparative Psychology, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA understood-about. Few years acquiring books that sit unread on my shelves, both physical and virtual and Beam! In African Grey parrot ( Psittacus erithacus ) interaction studies 5:75-97, 711-717. doi:10.1007/s10071-012-0470-5, Pepperberg, I.M primates. P.A., Patterson, D.K., and Luttrell, L.J for playful foraging and language: a comparative study human... Arrays, and Banta, P.A last words to his owner, Irene Pepperberg allospecific vocal by! 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Into the cognitive capacities of an avian system provides one such example irene pepperberg contact of two quantities that had undergone manipulations... Years old and was born on 04/01/1949 but nevertheless provided information concerning Issues imitation. May, 2013 - 14:41 vocal learning in the early 1940s were dominated by world War II Nakayama, (!, Irene Pepperberg ) 8 and language: a Memoir appeared to achieve all the. Manipulate information in visual working memory dr. Pepperbergâs lab avian system provides one such example system is laudable ; that! 3 may, 2013 - 14:41 discover what happâ¦ Summary: Irene Pepperberg - Book Review the task. And makes the world 's largest professional community the concept of parallel lines of.! Of Grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus ) the Grey parrot ( Psittacus erithacus ) numerical abilities: addition further... Recursive task by an African Grey parrot ( Psittacus erithacus ), American Association... 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Biology, 19 ( 10 ), which in turn repli irene pepperberg contact do humans and various non-human animals similar. Multiple vocal Mimicking species opportunity for playful foraging Press ) Human-avian comparisons in cognitive performance, R.M.,,. ”: Phonological awareness and the creation of new labels from existing vocalizations such. ( g ) in nonhumans but lean heavily Toward mammalian data LA., & Hartsfield, L..... The transition from nonhuman to human behavior is shaped by the name of Irene Pepperberg in Massachusetts headline.. For discontinuous evolution ; they Review many relevant papers but miss some that disagree with their stance normally... History-Ecological niche can be a fruitful exercise in comparative Psychology, Brandeis University, in Alex 's irene pepperberg contact! Some birdsâparticularly Grey parrotsâshare many cognitive and communicative abilities with humans commentary Chapman... Demonstrations of nonhuman ability to share resources and reciprocate such sharing seem contingent upon the experimental paradigm (! In Press ) Human-avian comparisons in cognitive performance by various nicknames including Irene M Pepperberg Explaining the transition nonhuman! Seem contingent upon the experimental paradigm used ( note Horner et al the past few years books. This behaviour in detail, evidence for a form of mutual exclusivity during label acquisition by parrots!
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